May 5, 2017
The Harris County District Attorney’s Office moved to recuse itself Friday from the case of David Temple, convicted in 2007 for the murder of his wife Belinda.
She was found shot to death at her home in Katy on Jan. 11, 1999. Temple was later indicted in 2005 by a Harris County Grand Jury and convicted after a high profile jury trial between then-prosecutor Kelly Siegler and defense attorney Dick DeGuerin.
“Our duty is simply to do justice, not just win,” District Attorney Kim Ogg said.
The recusal, filed with the 178th District Court, clears the way for the trial court to appoint a special prosecutor who would take over the Temple case and determine the next steps.
In November, 2016, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals overturned Temple’s conviction and life sentence, adopting a state district judge’s findings that the prosecution had failed to turn over in a timely manner several hundred pages of offense reports that revealed additional possible suspects.
The court further found that the state completely failed to turn over to defense lawyers hundreds of pages of additional reports that the prosecutor simply felt was unbelievable or unhelpful for her side.
The Court of Criminal Appeals found that, “The prosecutor believed, as evidenced by her testimony at the writ hearing that she was not required to turn over favorable evidence if she did not believe it to be relevant, inconsistent, or credible.” It concluded that, “this prosecutor’s misconception regarding her duty [to turn over evidence favorable to the defendant] was ‘of enormous significance.’”
The remand requires the district attorney to retry or dismiss the case against Temple. Devon Anderson, the district attorney at that time, took no action.
“Prosecutors have a responsibility to let jurors hear all the relevant facts. That did not happen in this case,” Ogg said. “Justice has delayed for 17 years.”
After taking office in January of this year, Ogg began reviewing the case. In addition to issues raised in the court’s opinions, potential conflict of interest issues arose.
Judge David Mendoza, director of the Harris County District Attorney’s Office’s newly formed Office of Professional Integrity, denied Temple’s 2012 motion for new trial while he was the presiding judge of the 178th District Court.
Investigator Stephen Clappart, while earlier employed at the Harris County
District Attorney’s Office, investigated potentially exculpatory leads related
to the murder of Belinda Temple.
In 2014, Clappart, then employed as a sergeant/investigator with the Liberty
County Sheriff’s Office, was subpoenaed as a witness for the defense during evidentiary proceedings in state district court related to Temple’s application
for habeas corpus relief. Investigator Clappart is now the chief investigator
for the Harris County District Attorney’s Office.
Given an attorney’s ethical obligation to avoid conflicts of interest, Ogg’s motion to recuse the Harris County District Attorney’s Office is consistent with the Texas Disciplinary Rules of Professional Conduct.
“The victim and the accused deserve justice in every case,” Ogg said, “just as the people of Harris County deserve a proper and thorough evaluation of the evidence.”
Upon the district attorney’s recusal, the presiding judge will appoint an experienced and fair special prosecutor, who will then be required to make a determination as to retrial or dismissal.
“While this case has been in the public eye since long before I was elected last fall, it is but one of over 100 murders our administration has reviewed and evaluated since Jan. 1, 2017,” Ogg said. “Each case requires individual attention and review without any conflict.”
STATE OF TEXAS
DAVID MARK TEMPLE
CAUSE NO. 1008763
IN THE 178TH DISTRICT COURT
HARRIS COUNTY, TEXAS
HARRIS COUNTY DISTRICT ATTORNEY'S MOTION TO RECUSE AND
FOR APPOINTMENT OF DISTRICT ATTORNEY PRO TEM
KIM OGG, the District Attorney for Ha1ris County, Texas, pursuant to TEX. CODE
CRIM. PROC. art. 2.07(b- l ), moves for this Court to recuse her office and to appoint an
attorney pro tern with respect to the above-styled matter
Defendant David Temple is accused of the murder of Belinda Temple.
In 2012, fo1111er State District Judge David Mendoza ove1ruled Temple's motion for
new trial while he was the presiding judge of the 178th District Court. Judge Mendoza is
now Harris County DistTict Attorney Kim Ogg's Professional Integrity Bureau Chief.
Investigator Stephen Clappart was retained by counsel for David Mark Temple to
investigate potentially exculpatory leads related to the murder of Belinda Temple. In 2015,
Clappart testified as a witness for the defense during evidentiary proceedings in state district
court related to Temple's application for habeas corpus relief. Investigator Clappart is now
Harris County District Attorney Kim Ogg's Chieflnvestigator.
To avoid any appearance of impropriety due to Judge Mendoza's pnor
participation as a judge in the instant case and due to Chief Investigator Clappart's
activities as a defense witness in the instant case, District Attorney Kim Ogg moves to
disqualify herself and her staff from prosecuting Temple and moves for appointment of an
attorney pro tcm in Cause No. 1008763.
NOW THEREFORE, for the above good cause shown, Han-is County District
Altorncy Kim Ogg respectfully prays this Court to recuse her and all Assistant District
Attorneys for Harris County, Texas as the attorney for the State in this matter, and appoint a
District Attorney Pro Tern for all matters regarding the above-referenced matter.
l ~' I
Harris County, Texas
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
I certify that on the 5th day of May, 20 J 7, a true and correct copy of the above and
foregoing document was delivered by electronic mail to counsel for David Temple:
Mr. Stanley Schneider
Schneider & McKinney, P.C.
The Lyric Center
440 Louisiana, Suite 800
Houston, Texas 77002 ~
KIM K.OGG j
Harris County, Texas
STATE OF TEXAS
DAVID MARK TEMPLE
CAUSE NO. 1008763
rN THE 178TH DISTRICT COURT
HARRIS COUNTY, TEXAS
ORDER GRANTING ST A TE'S MOTION TO RECUSE AND
APPOINTING DISTRICT ATTORNEY PRO TEM
On the day of May, 201 7, came on to be heard the llarris County District
Attorney's Motion to Appoint District Attorney Pro Tcm. Said motion is hereby
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED that Harris
County District Attorney Kim Ogg and all Assistant District Attorneys for Harris County
are hereby recused and disqualified from proceeding as attorneys for Harris County and the
State of Texas in the above-captioned matter.
Pursuant to Article 2.07(b- I) of the Texas Co<le of Criminal Procedure, the Coun
appoints ______ _ _ _ _ ________ to serve as District Attorney
Pro Tem with respect to the above-captioned matters, and any matters arising therefrom.
SIGNED this __ day of May, 201 7.
178th District Court
Harris County, Texas
IN THE COURT OF CRIMINAL APPEALS
EX PARTE DAVID MARK TEMPLE, Applicant
ON APPLICATION FOR A WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS
IN CAUSE NO. 1008763-A
FROM THE 178m DISTRICT COURT OF HARRIS COUNTY
RICHARDSON, J., delivered the opinion of th e Court in w hich MEYERS,JOHNSON,
and ALCALA, JJ. joined. YEARY, J., filed a concurring opinion. KELLER, P.J., and
K EASLER and H ERVEY, .J.J., dissented. N EWELL, .J. did not participate.
Applicant, David Mark Temple, was convicted of the murder of his wife and was
sentenced to life in prison. The Fourteenth Court of Appeals affirmed Applicant's
conviction,1 and this Court affirmed the judgment of the court of appeals, holding that the
evidence was legally sufficient to support Applicant's conviction.2 Applicant filed this postconviction
application for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to Texas Code of Criminal
Procedure Article 11.07 .3 The trial court judge did not preside over the habeas proceedings.
1 Temple v. State, 342 S.W.3d 572 (Tex. App.- Houston [14th Dist.] 2010).
2 Te111ple 11• State, 390 S.W.3d 341 (Tex. Crim. App. 20 13).
3 TEX. CODE CRIM. PROC. art. 11 .07.
Temple Opinion - 2
Judge Larry Gist was assigned to preside over the writ hearing. Judge Gist conducted a twoand-
a-half-month writ hearing, which involved the lengthy examination of over 30 witnesses
and over 200 exhibits. He prepared Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law addressing
each of Applicant's claims for relief. We agree with the habeas judge's recommendation.
Relief is granted.
Applicant and his wife, Belinda Temple, met in college, married, and bought a home
in Katy, Texas, near Applicant's parents ' house. Applicant worked as a teacher and coach
at A lief Hastings High School, and Belinda worked as a teacher at Katy High School. On
the afternoon of January 11, 1999, Belinda, who was seven months' pregnant, was at work
when she was informed that their three-year-old son, "E.T.," was running a fever. During
lunch, Belinda picked up E.T. from day care and brought him home. Around 12:30 that
afternoon, Applicant arrived home to watch E.T. so that Belinda could return to work for an
afternoon meeting. Between 3:30 and 3:45 p.m., Belinda arrived at Applicant's parents'
house to pick up son1e soup. She then left for home. Applicant testified at his trial that, after
Belinda arrived home, he and E.T. left so Belinda could rest. According to Applicant, he
took E.T. to two different parks, then to a store to pick up some drinks and cat food.
Applicant and E.T. were seen on the store video surveillance entering the store at 4:32 p.m.
and leaving at 4:38 p.m. After Applicant made one more stop, he and E.T. returned home.
Applicant testified that he pulled his car into the garage, left E.T. in the garage, and
went into the backyard where he noticed that the back door to the house was open and the
Temple Opinion - 3
door's window was broken. Applicant said that he immediately grabbed E.T., took him
across the street to the neighbors' house, and asked them to call 911 because the house had
been broken into. Applicant and his neighbor ran back to Applicant's house. The neighbor
stopped at the gate when confronted by Applicant's dog, but Applicant ran into the house.
Applicant testified that he went upstairs and found Belinda's body in the closet of the master
bathroom. She had been killed by a twelve-gauge shotgun blast to the back of the head. At
5:38 p.m., Applicant called 911. Officers began to arrive on scene. Thereafter, Applicant
was questioned by police. He was considered a suspect from the outset, in part because it
was discovered that he was having an extramarital affair; however, Applicant was not
indicted until 2005. Police had also suspected a neighbor, R.J.S., who was a high-school
student living with his parents next door to Applicant and Belinda. However, the police did
not pursue their investigation of R.J.S.
Applicant's trial began in October of 2007. In his opening statement, Applicant's
defense counsel presented a time-line to the jury that he stated would show that Applicant
did not have enough time to commit the murder. The State 's theory of the case was that
Applicant was motivated to murder Belinda because he was having an affair with another
woman. Applicant's defense counsel was aware that the State had questioned R.J.S. about
Belinda's murder, but he was told by the prosecution that R.J.S. was not a suspect, and he
did not receive the police reports until trial. Applicant's counsel made every attempt at that
time to develop an alternate perpetrator defense. Applicant's defense counsel fi led a motion
Temple Opinion - 4
for continuance based upon the State's failure to timely disclose exculpatory evidence after
the State had rested and he had begun presenting the defense's case. That motion was
denied. Applicant was found guilty of murder and sentenced to life in prison.
After Applicant exhausted his direct appeals, he filed a post-conviction application
for writ of habeas corpus4 seeking relief based on (I) a claim of ineffective assistance of
counsel under Strickland v. Washington,5 (2) a claim that his due process rights were violated
under Brady v. Ma,yland,6 and (3) a claim of actual innocence under this Court's opinion in
Ex parte Elizondo.7 With regard to the claim of actual innocence, the habeas judge
concluded that relief based on actual innocence is notjustified.8 After reviewing the record,
we agree with the habeas judge and deny relief based upon actual innoccnce.9 We will next
address Applicant's claim of Brady violations.
B. Applicant's Bra,ly Claim
Applicant asserts that the State wrongfully failed to disclose certain exculpatory
evidence and wrongfully failed to timely disclose other exculpatory evidence. In Brady v.
4 TEX. CODE CRTM. PROC. art. I 1.07.
5 466 U.S. 668 (1984).
6 373 U.S . 83 (1963).
7 947 S.W.2d 202 (Tex. Crim. App. 1996).
8 Id. See also Ex Pa rte Harleston, 43 I S. W .3d 67 (Tex. Crim. App. 2014); Ex Parle Holloway,
413 S.W.3d 95 (Tex. Crim. App. 2013).
9 See £xparte Brown, 205 S.W.3d 538,545 (Tex. Crim. App. 2006). See also Ex parte Reyes,
474 S.W.3d 677,681 (Tex. Crim. App. 2015) (noting that, because a declaration of actual innocence
might constitute "greater re lief than merely granting a new trial," it is appropriate to address an actual
innocence claim even though we may grant habeas relief in the form of a new trial on another ground).
Temple Opinion - 5
Maryland, the Supreme Court held "that the suppression by the prosecution of evidence
favorable to an accused upon request violates due process where the evidence is material
either to guilt or to punishment, irrespective of the good faith or bad faith of the
prosecution."10 The Supreme Court has since held that the duty to disclose such evidence is
applicable even though there has been no request by the accused,11 and that the duty
encompasses impeachment evidence as well as exculpatory evidence. 12 "Such evidence is
material 'if there is a reasonable probability that, had the evidence been disclosed to the
defense, the result of the proceeding would have been different. "'13 There are three essential
components of a Brady violation: ( l) the evidence at issue must be favorable to the accused,
either because it is exculpatory, or because it is impeaching; (2) the evidence must have been
suppressed by the State, either willfully or inadvertently; and (3) prejudice must have
ensued.14 ln order to obtain relief based on a Brady violation, Applicant "must convince us
that 'there is a reasonable probability' that the result of the trial would have been different
if the suppressed [evidence] had been disclosed to the defense." 15 Favorable evidence
includes exculpatory evidence and impeachment evidence. "Exculpatory evidence is that
10 373 U.S. at 87.
11 United States v. Agurs, 427 U.S. 97, 107 (1976).
12 United States v. Bagley, 473 U.S. 667, 676 (1985).
13 Strickler v. Greene, 527 U.S. 263,280 (1999) (quoting Bagley, 473 U.S. at 682).
14 Id. at 281-82.
15 Id. at 289 (citing Kyles v. Whitley, 514 U.S. 419,434 (1995)).
Temple Opinion - 6
which may justify, excuse, or clear the defendant from fault, and impeachment evidence is
that which disputes, disparages, denies, or contradicts other evidence. '' 16
Applicant claims that the State failed to timely produce favorable evidence to the
defense. Most of the Brady evidence about which Applicant complains was contained within
the several hundred pages of police offense reports that were not provided to defense counsel
until some time during the trial. There was a clear discrepancy between the defense counsel's
recollection of what information he received prior to trial and the prosecutor's recollection
of what information she gave to defense counsel prior to trial. The prosecutor maintained
that she timely gave the defense all of the Brady evidence they were entitled to get. The
prosecutor believed, as evidenced by her testimony at the writ hearing, that she was not
required to turn over favorable evidence if she did not believe it to be relevant, inconsistent,
or credible. She testified that she did not have an obligation to turn over evidence that was,
based on her assessment, "ridiculous." She claimed that, when it came to what constituted
Brady evidence, her opinion is what mattered. The prosecutor stated, when asked, that if
information does not amount to anything, the defense is not entitled to it. However, although
the prosecutor does have the initial responsibility to assess whether evidence may be
favorable to the defense, the prosecutor is not the final arbiter of what constitutes Brady
evidence. A prosecutor who errs on the side of withholding evidence from the defense runs
the risk of violating Brady if the reviewing court ultimately decides that it should have been
16 Ex Parte Miles, 359 S.W.3d 647,665 (Tex. Crim. App. 2012) (citing Harm v. State, 183
S.W.3d 403,408 (Tex. Crim. App. 2006)).
Temple Opinion - 7
turned over. The habeas judge found, and we agree, that this prosecutor's misconception
regarding her duty under Brady was "of enormous significance."
There were at least five detectives who generated reports of their investigation of the
murder, and there were approximately 1400 pages of offense reports in this case. Prior to
trial, defense counsel requested copies of these reports, which he believed contained Brady
evidence- including statements by R.J.S. and his friends , who were "rumored" to have some
involvement in the murder, and evidence provided by witnesses that could have supported
an alternate suspect theory. However, defense counsel was denied access to them. At the
writ hearing, both the prosecutor and the defense counsel testified that there was a Harris
County District Attorney's Office policy that, if a defense counsel asked for an examining
trial, the prosecution would "close" its file and not give any information over to the defense. 17
And, according to defense counsel, after the prosecution's file was closed, he was told by the
prosecution that the police investigations were thorough and had not resulted in any alternate
suspects. Defense counsel testified, and the prosecutor confirmed, that the police reports that
were given to defense counsel (some were not given at all), were not turned over until trial.
Defense counsel testified that he "requested copies of all the statements very early in the
17 Although the prosecutor and the defense counsel discussed by telephone on February 23,
2005 (a Wednesday), the existence of certain pieces of evidence in the prosecution's file, and defense
counsel was informed that he could, at that time, come view that evidence, the prosecution's file was
suddenly closed to defense counsel on that following Monday, February 28, 2005, the day defense
counsel requested the examining trial.
Temple Opinion - 8
game, and of course [he] was told [he] wasn't going to get any statements unless and until
In Little v. State, 18 this Court held that, if late-disclosed "evidence was turned over in
time for the defendant to use it in his defense, the defendant's Brady claim would fail." But,
this rule is applicable only if the defendant "received the material in time to use it effectively
at trial."19 Defense counsel testified at the writ hearing that, had he been given this evidence
prior to trial he could have "strongly developed an alternative suspect theory and started it
from the very beginning of trial." He claimed that "there's no question [he] would have tried
the case differently." Defense counsel stated that "what was disclosed to [him] was disclosed
in a fashion that was both untimely and confusing and late," and he "did not have enough
time to utilize the information." And, although defense counsel filed a motion for
continuance, that motion was denied. The habeas judge found that the State's late disclosure
of favorable evidence prevented defense counsel from being able to timely investigate or
effectively use such evidence at trial.
After a thorough review of the habeas record, including the findings of the habeas
judge and the State's objections to such findings, we hold that the State did not properly
follow the rule of Brady requiring the timely disclosure of favorable evidence.20 It is true
18 991 S.W.2d 864,866 (Tex. Crim. App. 1999).
19 Id. (emphasis added).
20 On January 1, 2014, the Legislature enacted the Michael Morton Act to ensure that
defendants, such as Applicant in this case, would receive evidence that the State had in its possession
in order to prepare a defense against it. See Michael Morton Act, 83"1 Leg., R.S. ch. 49, § 3, 2013
Temple Opinion - 9
that the prosecutor may not have purposely or actively hidden the existence of information
uncovered by the police investigation;21 however, she was not forthcoming with what could
be viewed as Brady evidence contained within the police reports. And, although defense
counsel was able to raise at trial the defensive theory that there was an alternate perpetrator,
that effort was limited and hampered by the State's failure to turn over to the defense the
police offense reports containing favorable evidence that would have allowed a more
effective presentation of an alternate suspect.22 We find that the method of "disclosure"
utilized by the prosecution did not satisfy the State's duty under Brady. We hold, therefore,
that Applicant is entitled to relief under Brady v. Maryland.
C. Ineffective Assistance of Counsel
The habeas judge found that Applicant's ineffective assistance of counsel claim has
not been shown to meet the requirements of Strickland v. Washington.23 This conclusion
Tex. Sess. Law Serv. 1611 (codified as TEX. CODE CRIM. PROC. art. 39.14); Ex parte Pruett, 458
S.W.3d 537, 542 (Tex. Crim. App. 2015). The Michael Morton Act created a general, ongoing
discovery duty of the State to disclose before, during, or after trial any evidence tending to negate the
guilt of the defendant or reduce the punishment the defendant could receive. We believe that the
Michael Morton Act was created to avoid problems exactly like those that arose in this case.
21 The prosecutor testified that she was willing to read information to the defense prior to trial
from the police reports, but they could not see them. "I would give them all the discovery they were
entitled to. Piece-by-piece, day-by-clay, very slowly and very miserably they got what they were
entitled to have." She said she was going by "the hard rules, .. . where you go through it piece-bypiecc,
22 See Ex Parle Villegas, 415 S.W.3d 885 (Tex. Crim. App 2013); Ex pa rte Miles, 359 S.W.3d
647 (Tex. Crim. App. 20 12) (holding that "the disclosure of all of this information to the jury could
have significantly undermined the confidence in the State's case").
23 466 U.S . 668 (1984).
Temple Opinion - 10
appeared to be based on the findings by the habeas judge that defense counsel received
several hundred pages of offense reports to digest during trial, including portions dealing
with the investigation of R.J.S. and his friends, and that much of the difficulty defense
counsel faced was driven by a constant resistance of the trial prosecutor to reveal necessary
information. The habeas judge opined that, while substantial information was disclosed by
the prosecutor during the trial, it was "literally impossible" for defense counsel to sufficiently
investigate, verify, or dispute the evidence that was disclosed. We agree with this assessment.
One of Applicant's key assertions forming the basis of his claim of ineffective
assi stance of counsel concerns what we agree was a critical piece of evidence- Applicant's
father's (Kenneth Temple's) testimony as to the time of day that Belinda left their house for
her 15 minute drive home. Had Kenneth (a defense witness) testified consistently with his
prior statement (of which defense counsel had possession long before trial)- that Belinda
left Applicant's parents' house at 3:55 p.m. and drove the 15 minutes to her house- this
evidence would have supported the defensive theory that Applicant did not have time to
commit the murder, clean up afterwards, ditch the murder weapon, and still be on a store
surveillance camera with his son at 4:32 p.m. Defense counsel admitted during the habeas
hearing that he made a mistake by not refreshing Kenneth's memory with Kenneth's written
statement before he testified. Defense counsel testified at the writ hearing that he had no
strategic reason for failing to communicate with Kenneth regarding this point, and that his
failure to do so harmed Applicant. Nevertheless, even though defense counsel admitted that
Temple Opinion - 11
he erred as to this piece of evidence, we find that the State's failure to timely disclose
favorable evidence to the defense handicapped defense counsel's overall performance and
caused him to lose focus of the importance of this critical piece of evidence.24 Therefore, to
the extent that defense counsel's performance could even be viewed as being deficient, such
deficiency was the direct result of the State's Brady violations. We therefore decline to grant
relief based on Applicant's ineffective assistance c laim, particularly since there is no cause
to, since we are granting re lief based upon Applicant's Brady violation claim.25
Relief is granted. The trial court's judgment is set aside, and Applicant is remanded
to the custody of the Sheriff of Harris County to answer the charges in the indictment. The
trial court shall issue any necessary bench warrant within ten days after the issuance of this
DELIVERED: November 23, 2016
DO NOT PUBLISH
24 Defense counsel testified at the writ hearing that he "was learning stuff that was vital that
[he] should have known months before trial so [he] could have properly investigated it." He said that
he "did what [he] could at the time and during trial," but "[t]here was too much to digest, there was
too much to investigate in the middle of trial."
25 See e.g., Ex parte Saenz, 491 S.W.3d 8 I 9,833 (Tex. Crim. App.2016); Ex parte Allen, Nos.
AP-75580 and AP-75581, 2009 WL 282739, *9 (Tex. Crim. App. 2009) (not designated for
publication) (ho lding that, in light of our disposition of the case granting relief on one of the
applicant's grounds, we did not need to address all of the applicant's claims).