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Harris County District Attorney: Campbell should serve every second of life sentence for brutal 1991 murder

News Release

Wednesday, May 10, 2017

 

Harris County District Attorney

KIM K. OGG

 

Harris County District Attorney: Campbell should serve every second of life sentence for brutal 1991 murder


Harris County District Attorney Kim Ogg said Wednesday that she will do everything in her power to ensure Robert James Campbell, who was convicted of a horrific capital murder nearly a generation ago, is never released from prison.


“Campbell’s crimes were extraordinarily heinous and vile,” Ogg said. “His acts were among the worst of the worst.”


In January 1991, while on parole for robbery, Campbell kidnapped, raped and murdered bank teller Alexandra Rendon, after he abducted her from a Houston gas station.

He later gave away her clothing and jewelry as presents.

Evidence presented during Campbell’s trial showed that he also committed another kidnapping and robbery at gun point around the time he murdered Rendon.

Campbell was convicted of capital murder, sentenced to death by lethal injection, and locked away on Texas’s Death Row.


The Texas Attorney General’s Office filed an advisory Wednesday concluding that, in light of a recent U.S. Supreme Court decision regarding intellectual disability and the death penalty, as well as the opinion of its expert witness, Campbell should be granted a new punishment hearing.


Because the option of life without parole was not available in 1991, he will be resentenced to life in prison with the possibility of parole.


With the high court’s opinion, in Moore v. Texas, the Texas Attorney General’s Office and the Harris County District Attorney’s Office,  determined that after 24 years, the state can no longer contest Campbell’s claim that he is ineligible for the death penalty because he is intellectually disabled.


The District Attorney’s Office will file formal protests at all of Campbell’s parole reviews in the future, Ogg said.


“In unison with his victims and their families, we will do everything we can to see that he serves every second of his life sentence,” Ogg said.
###

 

Family Statement :

From the family of Alejandra Rendon, who was murdered by Robert James Campbell. 


These words can be attributed to Israel Santana, who was a cousin of the victim and is a Houston defense lawyer.
“It is with a heavy heart and disappointment that we hear of the recent developments in the case against Robert James Campbell, the man who brutally murdered our loved one, Alejandra Rendon. We truly believe that justice would have been properly served with his execution. Nevertheless, we accept the recent decisions made by the State of Texas and the Supreme Court, and we ask for continued prayers for our family after having received this devastating news.  At this point, we can only hope and pray that Robert James Campbell spends the rest of his living years behind bars, and himself seeks forgiveness from our God Almighty.”
Mr. Santana will be at the Harris County District Attorney’s Office at 1 p.m. this afternoon for a media availability. The office is on the sixth floor of the criminal courthouse, 1201 Franklin, in downtown Houston.

 

 

 

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 1 of 9

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS

HOUSTON DMSION

ROBERT JAMES CAMPBELL,

Petitioner,

-VSLORIE

DA VIS, Director,

Texas Department of Criminal Justice,

Correctional Institutions Division,

Respondent.

§

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CIVIL NO. 4:00-cv-03844

*CAPITAL CASE*

JOINT ADVISORY CONCERNING CAMPBELL'S

INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY CLAIM

After receiving authorization from the Fifth Circuit, Campbell recently

filed an amended federal habeas petition in the district court alleging that he

is intellectually disabled and thus ineligible for the death penalty under Atkins

v. Virginia, 536 U.S. 304 (2002). Docket Entry (DE) 126. In response to that

petition, the Director retained the services of respected psychologist Dr.

Randall Price to determine whether evidence and materials submitted by

Campbell supported a diagnosis of intellectual disability (ID). Dr. Price

concluded that the evidence submitted by Campbell in his amended petition

did in fact support a diagnosis of ID. See Exhibit A. In light of Dr. Price's

opinion, and the Supreme Court's recent opinion concerning ID in Moore v.

Texas, 137 S. Ct. 1039 (Mar. 28, 2017), the Director now believes that further

attempts to investigate and litigate this claim would not serve the interests of

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 2 of 9

justice. The parties now file this joint advisory to the Court regarding the

resolution of Campbell's pending petition.

PROCEDURAL HISTORY OF CAMPBELL'S

INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY CLAIM

I. Campbell's Initial Efforts

Atkins was decided by the Supreme Court in June 2002, while

Campbell's initial federal habeas petition was pending. After the district court

dismissed Campbell's petition and denied federal habeas relief, Campbell filed

a subsequent state writ application asserting a claim of ID under Atllins. The

Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas (CCA) dismissed the application, finding

the "sparse school records" and family affidavits insufficient to warrant further

factual development. Ex parte Campbell, WR-44551-02 (Tex. Crim. App. July

2, 2003). Campbell then requested authorization from the Fifth Circuit to file

a successive federal habeas petition asserting his Atkins claim. The Fifth

Circuit similarly found the evidence Campbell submitted "simply not enough

to demonstrate that his claim has any likelihood of success under Atkins." In

re Campbell, 82 Fed. Appx. 349 (5th Cir. 2003). Campbell sought funds for

intellectual testing in the district court, but that request was denied. Campbell

v. Dretke, 117 Fed.Appx. 946, 959 (5th Cir. 2004). A year later the Fifth Circuit

denied Campbell's request for a certificate of appealability to appeal the denial

of funding. Campbell v. Dretlie, 117 Fed.Appx. 946 (5th Cir. 2004).

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 3 of 9

II. Subsequent Litigation

Following the conclusion of Campbell's federal litigation and subsequent

attempts to obtain relief in the state court on other claims, an execution date

was set for May 13, 2014. Through new attorneys, Campbell obtained records

from TDCJ and the Harris County District Attorney's office that supported his

ID claim. Armed with this new evidence, Campbell filed a second subsequent

writ application in the CCA seeking relief under Atliins. But the CCA

dismissed the application as an abuse of the writ. Ex parte Campbell, 439

S.W.3d 925 (Tex. Crim. App. 2014). The Fifth Circuit, however, concluded that

"[b]ecause of the unique circumstances of this case, Campbell and his attorneys

have not had a fair opportunity to develop Campbell's claim of ineligibility for

the death penalty." In re Campbell, 750 F.2d 523, 535 (5th Cir. 2014). The

Court granted both a stay of execution and authorization to file a successive

petition in the district court.

This Court denied the Director's initial efforts to dismiss the petition,

indicating that that Campbell's allegations that state actors withheld

information relevant to the development of his Atliins claim were unproven

and needed airing through adversarial testing before the Court could

determine whether the petition was barred under the statute of limitation. DE

90. In response to Campbell's subsequent motion for discovery, the Director

waived the imposition of the statute of limitations because it would serve no

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 4 of 9

interest of justice in the present case. DE 98. Campbell was subsequently

granted discovery to develop additional facts on his underlying Atkins claim

and an amended petition was filed. DE 111, 126. The Court has ordered the

parties to enter an agreed scheduling order regarding the Director's response

by May 10, 2017. DE 134.

ASSESSMENT BY RESPONDENT'S EXPERT

Dr. Price was asked to review the documents and evidence submitted by

Campbell in his amended petition to determine whether the evidence supports

his claim that he suffered from intellectual disability, whether the evidence

was inconclusive and needed further development, or whether the evidence did

not, in fact, supported Campbell's Atkins claim.

After reviewing the materials submitted by Campbell, Dr. Price

concluded: "This well-documented and organized set of test results,

declarations, affidavits, academic records, medical records, and treatises

provide adequate evidence supporting the conclusion that Robert James

Campbell meets the three-prong criteria for a diagnosis of mild intellectual

disability."

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 5 of 9

I. Evidence of Intellectual Functioning Deficits

Evidence of Campbell's intellectual functioning includes the following IQ

testing and scores:

• Campbell was administered the Otis-Lennon Mental Maturity Test

in 1979, at age 7, and his IQ was estimated as 68.

• At age 19, Campbell earned a 71 on the WAIS-R Short Form Test

administered by Dr. Gilhousen at TDCJ-ID.

• The most recent testing, done by Campbell's expert, Leslie D.

Rosenstein, Ph.D., using the WAIS-IV put his full scale IQ at 69.

• The only outlier is an 84 IQ on the Beta II, about which little else

other than the score itself is known.

See Exhibit A at 4-5. Regarding this testing and Campbell's scores, Dr. Price

concluded:

[C]onsidering that abbreviated intelligence tests as well as

screening measures tend to overestimate full-scale IQ when

compared to the WAIS-IV, Mr. Campbell's earlier IQ estimates are

not highly inconsistent with the 2016 WAIS-IV Full Scale IQ of 68,

which falls in the mild intellectual functioning range. Having any

IQ score during the development period consistent with mild

intellectual function disability carries considerable weight in an

Atllins claim.

Id. at 4.

In addition, three of Campbell's family members were also administered

intelligence tests, the results of which "demonstrate that Mr. Campbell's

family members function primarily in the mild ID to borderline range of

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 6 of 9

intelligence, most likely a product of genetic endowment and environmental

deprivation." Id. at 4-5. Education records, including elementary-level

standardized test scores were also submitted that showed "declining academic

performance as grade level increased." Campbell quit school in the 9th grade

at age 18. Id.

II. Evidence of Adaptive Behavior Deficits

Dr. Price noted this, regarding the adaptive behavior assessment of

Campbell:

Other than his performance on the Woodcock-Johnson Test of

Achievement III [administered by Dr. Rosenstein], adaptive

behavior must be evaluated retrospectively. Retrospective

adaptive functioning was based on school records and the

declaration of 25 family members, friends, neighbors, and inmates.

The witnesses were interviewed based on cognitive, social, and

practical skill domains related to adaptive behavior assessment.

Although retrospective in nature and possibly biased, their

testimony supports adaptive behavior deficiencies.

Exhibit A at 5.

In subsequent discussions with Dr. Price regarding the potential success

of challenging the adaptive behavior prong of the ID diagnosis, Dr. Price

indicated that it would be extremely unlikely that any investigation into

Campbell's adaptive behavior would yield that quantity or quality of evidence

needed to overcome the evidence supporting the diagnosis. This was based on

the retrospective nature of the investigation, the length of time Campbell has

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 7 of 9

been incarcerated, and the fact the individuals with the most relevant

information would be those closest to Campbell, and a substantial number of

those individuals have already provided affidavits supporting the adaptive

behavior assessment.

JOINT ADVISORY AND

RECOMMENDATION TO THE COURT

The parties agree that the evidence in this case supports a diagnosis of

ID and that Campbell falls within the class of offenders the Supreme Court in

Atkins found "categorically excluded from execution." See, Atllins, 536 U.S. at

318. As such there are no remaining issues to be litigated with respect to

Campbell's Atkins claim. The parties further agree that this Court should

conditionally grant a writ of habeas corpus and order Respondent Lorie Davis,

Director, Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Correctional Institutions

Division, to release Campbell from custody unless within 180 days of the date

the Court's order is entered, the State of Texas initiates proceedings for the

imposition of a life sentence.

Respectfully Submitted,

KEN PAXTON

Attorney General of Texas

JEFFREY C. MATEER

First Assistant Attorney General

ADRIENNE MCFARLAND

Deputy Attorney General

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 8 of 9

for Criminal Justice

EDWARD L. MARSHALL

Chief, Criminal Appeals Division

Is I Tina J. Miranda

TINA J. MIRANDA

Assistant Attorney General

Texas Bar No. 24026139

Southern District Bar No. 27728

Office of the Attorney General

Criminal Appeals Division

P. 0. Box 12548, Capitol Station

Austin, Texas 78711-2548

tina.miranda@oag.texas.gov

Telephone: (512) 936-1600

Telecopier: (512) 320-8132

ATTORNEYS FOR RESPONDENT

Is I Burke M Butler

BURKE M. BUTLER

Texas Bar No. 24053310

S.D. Tex. ID No. 2137578

bbutler@texasdefender.org

ROBERT C. OWEN

Texas Bar No. 15371950

S.D. Tex. ID No. 16526

Bluhm Legal Clinic

Northwestern University

School of Law

375 East Chicago Ave.

Chicago, Illinois 60611

(Tel) 312-503-0135

(Fax) 312-503-8977

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 9 of 9

robert.owen@law.northwestern.edu

CALLIE F. HELLER

Texas Bar No. 24101897

S.D. Tex. ID No. 3004608

The Powell Project

c/o Professor Lee Kovarsky

University of Mary land

Carey School of Law

500 West Baltimore Room 436

Baltimore, Maryland 21201

callieheller@gmail.com

ATTORNEYS FOR CAMPBELL

CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE

I, Tina J. Miranda, certify that on May 10, 2017, I electronically filed the

foregoing pleading with the clerk of the court for the U.S. District Court,

Southern District of Texas, using the electronic case filing system. I hereby

certify that I have served all counsel and/or pro se parties of record

electronically or by another manner authorized by Federal Rule of Civil

Procedure 5(b)(2).

Is I Tina J. Miranda

Tina J. Miranda

Assistant Attorney General

Criminal Appeals Division

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138-1 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 1 of 7

EXHIBIT

A

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138-1 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 2 of 7

1N ntE uNITEo STATES. olSiRicT courrr ·

. FOR. THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS

HOUSTON DMSION ~ .

CIVIL AC110N NO.: tt•o-cv~ I I • • II

. -

ROBERT JAMES CAMPBELL. § ,

§

§

§

§ ,

P•loner ·

-VS-

§

LORIE DAVIS, P.lrector, · §

Texas Department of Criminal Justice, §

Correctional Institutions Oivislon, . . . ·§ . .

- ' .. -: .. ·-· -_;,· ·_ ""§

c1V1L AcrtoN· ~o. ! H·:oo-cv-:03944

*CAPITAL CASE'!

_ -R~~ent. ' _:-.§ -.

·. - ·. ~§

- - ., . . ..

. .-

' .. ·

. AFFIDAVJI' QF J. RAND~U.._PRIC~ P,H .. D . ..

1 ' r • • r ... -~.·_- ~ ~., • ••lo~ ,' -, •,

_My n~e is_J. R~~~LP~~~-- '~~-~verth~ ~~-~--?t ~~ ~~!Y_~~petent t~ "1ake this

affid~vit. Ev~1~ contai,:1$d .In tt)!~-.a!f_l~~yftJ~. ~!'-1: mY.'perspnal l(nQW~ge anQ js,

upon my oath, true .. ,_ ; · · __ · - · ·. ·' -'. · :_ . · -. · · ·- · ·

. - :· .. : ,. .. 1\/_ f.-/,: .: _ .-',._::)/./"_

.. · ,PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND' ·

• -: - -·:... . . . ·._. _'.\, ._:, _ ·_ . ·.··:·.r _ ,-'·:;···, :.. ····/1. . . . . ,

1. I am a clinical and Jqr,oslq psychologl~'and n~Uf opsychqlOQi~, ~ t. 81!1.llcensed to

practice psycho'°'1Y-i.n the'$ates-of T~s: ~lal)Oma. and A~sas. MY ~ce .Is

located at 11882Greenville-Avenue; Suite 107, Dallas;Texas.· Jhave maintained an

independent' pract1ce·1n:d_tnlajl ~ -for~~ic!P.sych~ an,(n"~~logy-~~-- 19'33. . . - . . . .. . -. . . . . .

-, • ·-. - • ' • ... ,fl - 4 " ,.

• . I ..... ..., . ..,,_ , . ,• ,- ._ ! , ..... , • ._, ,." , ;.' ·~,: f •,•t ~ ., 1' ~ I. 2:' I_ compl~~ed thf) r89~lf~~t,·1~r t~e 1;3~l'i~9r.~f Sct~ '(1~70),.'~~t~ Qf.~cience

(1 ~11 ). and ~rof P~HosopHy (19Q2) ·(JeQ~ ~h ~Qlogy .at~e. μn1v.er$itfot ~rth

Te~as in Denton, :r~. :1 ~mplet~ my·post-:dc:,¢t"Qral qli~~~J~~fp.at the~Baylor .

Institute of Rehabllitatio~ ohhe·eay1ot-'Urilvers1ty Medtcat~r 1,; Dallas. T.e~'(1983).

I completed a PQ"St~octoral fellowship at th.~-Unfve_rsity'of Kentueky frj L.exfl'.lQtQo, · ·_

· Kentucky (1995) . .I.also ~P!~~-a Gi:ag~~!t~~e. !~-~~~11a,yJ~91'8nsic. Science

from the Unlver$ity of. Floijd~Jn ~16 .. ;I a,n ~ ~fed I~ For,~ -~sycflology by tl_1e

-~r:rietican Boar~. ~ -r~9f~jolia_l~-~SY.(?hoJogy:~dJ~ -N~~r~AAYc~ by;th~ ~ert(?8fl · ,

Board of Prof8S$ional Ni. · cnol · . ·-.1 hold the'Certificate-of Professional : · -. · .r, . .., , 1 .' ,- .•.~.• . -,~" •- ~ -." r-• .• ,.....•-, "!f ,,,. •, , ,.•~r ~• •.., ,., .1,.,·• '" •• . 4 , - .; ' ~fJ4 ..

9~1flcatloa:, In P¥hology .frQm th·e Assocl~on, of·State·and .P-m~nc1'-' .. Psychology .

Boards. I am a, Fell~w 'of the ~ational Academy Qf Neuro~hology.' ,i -~ ~ member of

the following prof.~ n~I ~~~~~:.Arn~ t~-~~(~ -~~iatl9~: Te~ . . .

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138-1 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 3 of 7

Psychological ~&lion, N~ional Academy of Neuropsychc?logy, -American Academy of

Forensic Psychology. American Colleg~ of Prof~nal_.Net.r9P~. ~~.for ·

Police and Criminal psychology. · · · · ·

. . . .....

3. In addition to maintaining an active lnd~t practice of psychology. ·, currentiy hold

an academic appointment as Professor Emeritu~ of Psychology_ at FUoh~and College In

Dallas, Texas and as Cllnlcal Professor of Psychi!!ltry at the Unlver:sity of.Texas ·

Southwestern Medlcal Sc~ool In Dalf'8,. T~as .. I was Professor of.~IWCholpgy at ·

Richland Col!ege from 1975 to 2015 when I retired. From 1994 to ?012, I ~as a Lecturer

In Law at So~hem Methodist Unlverstty Dedmar:t-S_chool.of Law In 0~1-, r.~ Where. I

teain-taught a class in psychiatric and psych~log~ evidence. · · ·

<

4. I have consulted ~d testlfl~ in hundreds ci civil ~ criminal caies si~ 1983. I

have consulted and testjffed IO F~eral cases as. w~I as ,nariy QOUnti9:5 In ·:rex~ · I have ,

also consulted_ anc;t t-ed In Oklahoma, Florid~, Arkansas, Arizona. Colorado~ -~ansas,

l:,oulslana, Georgl&; Ml~ssippi, ~ennsylyanl.a; K~$aS. New:M~loo, .and ~e D(strlct of

, Columbia Both the defen~·and the 1>rosecut1Qri_ln crimio~ cases h,i~e {~lried me.

including cap~_JTIU!'der deatf:1 ·penalty~;·. ,.~~ testffl~,:161~-~(irf"81

~ ~ 8. tor . .

the state and 4 for the defense. · · · ·- · · . . · · · · · . · --· · · .. · · ·

'REFJ=EML · '

··'?: •• ,, ' . ~,·: .. : : ' •.• ' . t'/: '·,, , -:. . , I ~ ....... -f ~ _, -, _,, ..

•' I , f

s·. On March"2, 2017, Tina-j. M_irand!l,· ~-~~t Attorney~~~. 'enm1h~_:A~s

Division, Austin. Texas requested that I ·conduct a review of ,the: records·ln the matter of

Robert James campbd1 ·as containedlrf the ·ArriericJed Petition--tof Wrii ot Habeis Got'Pus

· Requesting Reiiel. fr9rll a ·~h $ante~~~-Petitloner..is. loteif~&Jiy Disabied ·

(and attached '*~iblis): ·Ms.-·M,rar,dif fequ~ ·ih~t i ~ef ~ liro1~i:lal.<>Piriiqn,

reg~ing the c,a1.~s.·.ra1~,th~eln:',S~fy. Ms: ;t~l~~-~μ~.th~ l_.off~ .

opia:,lons regarding Whet_h!( th~ e.mpi~-~,~~9~fl!'~~s'~~i:n1,t. t.c ~ :ln ~'~-~

su ppo rt th.e . clalin. l t.-ia~f· R.o b'e ,r.t_ .J,.a. mes. . ·C arii pb el.l. l.s.. ·rn·,t elle.c tl.la .,l l y. c.H, sab,.,l ea~.-' -· -. '. ' · . · •. I ~ ~ • ..- I • ' f' + ' • 'I : 0 ~

RECORDS .PROVIDED:f OR REVIEW·. . . ,.

6 •.. lhe records rev~~-~~-~~,;-~:~ ~-i~~-.~~~~~~~-~~-(A~) Offi~-~d·

lncfuded ~bert.-.~~,.~-~ -~,~~n1l~rJ.f.rit ot.lf~(~~-f(eql!~® ...

R~~ef From a~-~~~~ -~μs, ~f#!~!s·lf1tel{~~-Pf.~::(1,i1 (?~~) and_

7 4 exhibits. On.•thlrd ~ the;exhlbits· we_r• ~tn.ess d~tlpi,$ or 4ffldavits r~~lng Mr- Campbell's.~d~e ·~~~ionln"g as·-'ctlild~ 8?Pi~f~-8"1~ 'inmate~~: ~~ai .. :

exhibits· addressecUntellectual ·o~sabllity OD) definitions; poverty and genetic factors

related to ID; erivlronme1:1tal factors In :Mr ~-:~P~ll's Q~lgh~Qod ~ well ... Houston

In generar (e.g., crime,. ~001 desegregatii>o,·:t:iousir,g, A~~-~lt~r:e); ID .

related court cases; and ID assessment" In. '8Qal .contexts.. Exhibits· aiso included :

documents spectficaliy reiat~ to ~'~ cm.hrit;e1f ~&ti as heaitfi'-reco.rd~ school ~~rds.

psycliologica1 ·records~ .and_e9 ,u~.t 8$ti~rif.lY~ ·'.!11~ ~t,tet~ :list qt_~~~ ~~~ ~d

reviewed Is attached.· ·. · - · · ·· · · · · · \ · -·· ·. · · · · 1

~ ,. r , ' • , I • • "

..

. 2

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138-1 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 4 of 7

CAl~IN~ Hls:rC>RY

7. Robert James Cam~.11 was born on 911°~197?. Mr.. -~~H's ~mi'18,I ~lstory ..

began at age 11 when hewas·arr•ted-ln.Aprll 1990. for r~. Hewas.~tericed to

five years In TDCJ. He was released on p~ole 081'l219c;;~. On (}1/03/1,991, Mr ... Campbell

was convicted of the abduction· and murder of Al'exandra Rendon -In Houston and

sentenced to death. According to a TDCJ'~ ~ow ~mm8'}' F.~. Mr .. Campbell

and a co-defendant kidnapped Ms. Rendoo from·~ gas_station,.took her to ·a remote

location, robbed her, raped her, and Mr •. Cam~U shot her in the back after telling her

to run. Mr. Campbell unsuccessfully so~ght state and fed~ court post-conviction

relief. On 11/18/2013, Mr. Campbell's execution was-. for: May 05/1 ~14. On

05/05fl014, Mr. Campbell filed an Atkln$' ,ctalrri with thel'e)(SS ~rt of Cril1llilal Appeal,

which was dlsm~-- FoUowing the State court dismissal, an A~ns· cl~m. was flied

with the U.S. COl.irt of Appeals for the Fifth blrcuti. On 05/13/20,14, the Fifth. Circuit

granted a motion holding that-it was reasonably likely.Mr.' Campbell was-intellectually

disabled. . ' . . . . : . ' '. ' . . - . . . ' .

EDUCATIONAL HISTORY'! ' ~ .I . • •

8. School r~rds ln~ud~ elem8!J~:-~~~ ~~~d~ t~_ ~~ m~le school

end-of-term~~ averag~,:an~ 9~.Qra~~.end·Of.·~erm.a~g~. Ov~II, the SC?tlool

records showed declir)ing academic performance as grade level 'increased.· ·Mr. .

Campbeil quit school in 9~ grade·at the age of 18~· · .Eiemeotary,·Sdloo·1 'atienciance ·

• i ,., ,. •' • : .. • '•• .. ' .• - • . t ~ ,r < I ' • : ,.__ ' ' • ,._ '• • records were not available. Mlddle'School"retords showec:t go<>etattendan~. Mr.

Campbell repeated 9ili _gra~.· He~: ab~' 7Z ~ the ~rst year'¢ g~_grade. H$ qulf

. school in October .of tiis -~d"9ti.: g~e yeat~<i"had 22)i.~~~~~:the tlm~.h~ q'uit.

. , .. • "· _. + , , • ,,..., •", ~ •- ... ', . , •.H ·~;, \•• ~ .·, r .; • • : , r ·,

9. The Otis-Lenn'ori~M~t~l Mat~·rlty T~f n.s·~~~i~~er~i in _,.~:-~d~~ Mr. ;~P~Ws .

1q ~as ~lmat~ ..t o~~ ~. ,:he_IO V!B Test' ~f.~ Skil~_~l-~:gi'ouJ>:-~lntstrated

achievement te;t~ wmradministered in ,~.through 6th··grades/ Mr.'Cam~I per.formed

well on the_~ _1n:ih~_ 1";~~~ with·-~~ l~ tlj~ a~~gi.:~~~ ~·~- ..

qomputatlon an~-~Hmg wer:e above .a~~~; -~~ .v~~ •-~ely tlelov.:

average. While ~ matt(B99res ~-ai~~jn)h~:average:~~)ttirJl'.lg 2:-' ~de,_'all

other ITBS scores w~ below average '(3rd to 1 o•_per~tHes): Mr: catn~f r~ted

a. 111 gr_a de with riB.s - scores deaeas.ln. g·:. d. urirfQ. ,b ot.t fam-gr;ad t~t.°Y.i t.i~. j,,.g .} :G. .m..~.~ -f ~-s.'t m. .s -

scores continued to decrease~· alth,ougtt math appeal"ed a relattv~,:-$tr,ength even though

math ~res ~ged frorri low. ave,a.~'J~ _qe!O\! ~V~~-'.·J"e*9'~ent Of Basic

Skills (TABS) scores wer~ reported ·for ~r. ~arnp~l's ~ year.~ ·3rd gade .~d ~ei

grade. In the 3n1 grade, he met 8 of 10 math objectives, 4 of B·Rea~lng o.bJ~~ and 3

of 5 Writing objectlves.·,Jn the5ei grade, he met no:TABScib)ectivei··A~an~t .

record showed .ff' th_~μgti· the 8" grade .• n~~f-year ~~_av~~- 'Mi,Campbd'

failed all subjects ex~ft!,l~th I~. 6111 grade, -,oi· g~~e avera~ ·w,re '.ri_c,t sfiown. (possibly

du·e to acopylng'eri'or); and 8" gradeaverages·wete·a11 t:ielow'~ino:~'.~"'~a~· .

··.~ •· ~ f' ·~ , .,- , , · -,,~ .-, :. ... -· -.. ··.•· ~. ·~,- · i . ,, •. ,

3 ·

Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138-1 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 5 of 7

averages rangEMt fr9n, ~1 ~ 9n prison-adm_tnisf~ed achievement ttl&t, Mr. Csmpbell's

1990 overall perform~ce. was at the fifth m~~ of ~lrd grade.(3.5) lev~I.

. '

"INTELLECTUAL EVALUATIONS ·

I • O I I

1

~ ,- • , ~ t t

10. On 04/04/2014, Leslle·D. Rosenstein, Ph.D. con~uQ~ a·Psyc;holQQlcal ~uation of

Mr. Campbell at the request qf his attorneys, ~r~-Rob~-and Mr.·.Raoul ..

Schonemann. S,e ad;n~lstered the'followlng liss89Sff!~~ (1) ~eiital S~~ Interview;

(2) Boone's Dot Co~1:1tinQ Test: (3) Wedt~ies: Adult l~tilll~ce ~le-F~rth Edition

(WAIS-IV); and, (4) Woodcoqk-Johnson-111 Test of Achievement (subtests: Passage

Comprehension, Appl~ Prol)fems, and Writing samples). While no. raw data were

provided, Dr. Rosensteln's reported that.Mr.,Car:npbell's test .~~.were ~Id based on

(a) a measure of effort testing, (b) embedded rrteasures of effort ._Ing, and.(c) response

patterns showing -~~ pertormar:ice on_~ sler ~~s and.l~w~ perf9t'l'Tl8f)~ ~ _it ems

Increased In difficu~! Mr~ Campbell's scores on trn, .WAJS-.IV·w-. as follow:. F'-'11 "Scale

IQ= 69; Verbal Compr~~SiOl), l~ex·=.7~; Perceptual R~lngJodex ;; ·ts; Working

Memory Index = 77; Processing Speed Ind~= ]4. . ., ·. -. · . · · · .

. . . . . . ' .

11. As mentioned pr~us~~ Mr. Campbell was "admloistered the otis-Lennon Mental

Maturity Test In 197$ at f:l~i r;_ ~is IQ_~~ esti~~~-~ 1$8: ~U~ jn~~~ ~ -TT)qJ~

D In 1990, an 84 IQ equlvalent"was report~,·whtch was llkely -~er• .l lt.of-"18 e,ta-11

Test. In 1992 at age 1~,"Mr.Campbell earn~·f 11 ·on lhe.WA!S;ft~h~oitf°-'!O :r~

administered by Dr, Gllhousan·at ~-ID.~ In the 9Urrent ao.,-,d~ -petition, the de~se

.., ... ... . - • • ._, I. ·· II, " · •• •· " ..... ~ .... ·~ - argues that the 84 IQ scoe:~·on whaf• ll~ely-ttie 8-ll"'sh~!d.be c;Us~,sarded citing

no knowledge regar:9ing (a)_ how the test_ was, ~t;tmini~er~ 6~~N~p~IY, or group); (t;>)

wh~ subtest Of-~ w~adm.in~ei•f~ ~bfest·SQQr.~(clttie·~,s-oqn:nt:iig .

lr1formatlon; (d) scoring_an ~ Ji:iterpretatlon ~l~llify'_(R iv.eray;~~·5 05.f~~-~.

362 (51h c1r. 2007>.]~\M. r..·C. a,m·p t >.e.11•.s·auo., m · ·· ·il,s.o·. :q u e' st.i.o.r.rth. e-J\c,.r e.d..ll.).l.ll.tl.o :t· ·t h.e. W.. A ISR

Short Form 8$ an .appropriate instrumerif,or"ti~n~ingU?:· Reco~s·incl~ded

testimony, test manuals and pi"Qfesslonal ~dlsaedltrritf.the-eeta ll'and the.WAIS-A • , I I I ~' • • • ... a - ~ ,• _ ... ,,.. I 4 , .... - .. .. ,. .. .. • .. . f- • /' 1'!.,, " •• Short Form tor dtagnosJng ID. ··on the othet'hand~· ponsideriog:tliat abbreviated ;

Intelligence t~ts·as\vel(~ screenl~g··n1~t~'terct .~ ..o ver~i~a(e_fu ll~~ .IQ when

(JOITlpared to the W,~~iV, ~r. _Camp1?911's 'earlJer,_IQ esti~ate:, .ar_e.~ p~ ~lgnly . ._ .

lnCQnsistent with the 201 s WAIS-IV Full Scale IQ of 68~ which falls 1n· the· mlld lntellectual

run:ctioning rang~ .. H.avlrig any 10 score during ~#le devei~prrient~f per1od ·conslste,:it with

mlld intellectual disaf?llily' carries .consid~le ~~got'ln.:an.Atkln~ :c~nt · . · ._. . ·

> •.- • • • I I .. 4 I • .•,_ ,._ • ,. ~·, ~ • • r

12. In May 2016, three ~ Mr. Campbell's family m~_bers .we.r~ aclr,:ilt:,1$tefeel Intelligence

t~ by Cassandra -~_i*ri Hayes, Ph.Ct°·;These·farii11y~~em-~ w~::(1) Sar_l~~ .

. . Campbell' (slster);'(2) Wilda Campbeil ·(mo~;- an~~-(~) Ameiia Campbell (~Isler} ... San<tra

Campbell's Full~~ IQ~ ·1~e W~slef ~~I( IQ\elligen~.~e-F9.ufttl &;j~ioh (W~

IV) was 74 (9596 Confidence Int~.= 7Q-79). Wilda Campbell's ·Full Sc.a.le (Q on Ifie·

WAIS-IV was 58 (95% Qonfidence lr,teival = ~)~ ~ella."Campbell's FUii .~le JQ

was 80 (95% Conflden~ Interval ~ 76,$};"".-lh~ results den;tqnstra~· that-~r. .

~ t t - r .., ~ · •• ~ • • 4 - ,

\,

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Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138-1 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 6 of 7

' . . - . . i _.

Campbell's family members f:und!on primarily in the ~ild ip ·t~ bar~me range of

lntelflgence, .m ost likely a produd of genet~c endowment ~d envlrQnTTt."'1tal' deprivation. . . .

AD~ BEHAVIOR ASSEISMEJ{I"

13. Currently, adaptive behavior-is diylded into.three skiil domains: (1) con.al, ·(2)

social, and, (3) practical. ldettly, adaptive behavior Is assessed with. formal adaptive

behavior instruments that.quantify the extent of,ad~iye.betlavlor;strerigth~-~d deficits,

but this Is not ~Ible In the majority of Atkins' cases locluaing this one. ·As Dr.

Rosenstein pointed out, M(.· Campbell~s lncarceral~or1 .since age ·1.7 prohl~_ cu~·

adaptive behavior-assessment. Other than his ~nnance pn the Woodcock.Johnson

Test of Achievement Ill r,1-J 110, adaptive.behavior must be evaluated retrospectively.

Retrospective adaptive functioning was based on 9«1001 records and_th e d~tion of

25 family members, fr)8flds, n~hbors, and Inmates. The witnesses were interviewed

based on the cognitive, ~~ . anc;t practl~~ s~~-.~Of'.1'!~"~-rel~~~ ~Q. ~~~~e ,~·u;~vlor .

assessment. Although .~ive fn flatur~-~ possfbly b~, 'their- testi,nony · ·

supports adaptive J:>etiavtor·.~~. . . ' '. ·.. ; ' .'. . , ' : .·-i .

14. Or. Rosensteln's administration of the Woodcock-Johnson Test.of Achievement Ill

(W-J 111) In 2016 .Pl'.OV.ecf one m~re ·of co~tua/ domain skilis.' tiJo sut?tesf ~res

resulted In borderline ~o below ayerage acaden,i.~ p'enormance: (1): ~~- · .

Comprehension·; es: (2) -Appliecf P~blems = 79: (S) Writing· Samples ~·ee;-an<f ,

Academic Application Cluster = 84. ·.Witness~ decfarationa. indicated that· Mr. Camp,bell

oonsistentfy had ,difflculty"readJng: ~ng;:urjde,stanctiilg-ancl -~esslng language; and

comprehending rnoney, ~me and ,:iumber concepts. Witnesses prov:kJed,n"'merous

anecdotal examples~-Mr.:~am-~J:1 ·ad~tiv,·bet't~i9r ~~~~ 1.n ·QOO~yal s~lls

both during and'after the'developmental'perloct;·;The W..J'III coupled with Mr: ·. ·

CEl!llpbell's PQOI' ~~f'~ormance and nurit1WOu~.wttn~·repQrts regar~log

conceptual dev~ent p~ce him In ~ borderline to mild ID range.· · ·

1_5. The soc/a/~~ ~~n. l~c~d~ ~e-~llty·;:.~ av~ ~~r~~~~ ~•·a ~ety,of

1nterpersona1 situations..· Wiinesses· testifiect .to Mr. Cam~!' having·, history ·o1 deficits

in _the soclal skiii d~main.".evi~~-J:>Y.tmJ?OV~·l".lt~aj ~~iis;low_se~~ . ·.

esteem, gullibility, being victimized, functlon!ng· more as a follo~ th~ .a l~der,· and

' I • • •• ~ • • . ' •• - ,.. ,, . •-'.. .,_ :, , f•,r ••~ , \, ,"I. a. - 11 •I I ineffective social problem-~lvlng. The·.wftriesses gave numerous· aneedO,tal examples of

Mr. Campbell'$ ad~~ive '3811'avior defi~ lrf soclal skills-both ~uring'and ·after the

developmental pert~. . . ' ' . ' .

1~. Mr. Campbell.was described by the:wijoesses_ as.belng:deflcient-1~ practical $kills

Including activit• of ·~aJly: ltvirig, oooupatlooal skJl~ 'n{aryagihg ·mon1iv~ :mu:-spc;,r,atlon,

safety, and health~. Jll.ewitnesses·gav~ri~~-c;m~a.n~~tal'~p~Of .~r-·

Campbell's adapt1ye·~avi~. deficits Jn practical ~11s bOth dl:Jrlng and aft~ the

developmental ~- . . . ' . . . . . -~ f •• ,'·, . . ' . '

CONCLUSION ·

, "'• •I•,• • ,•I . .-..

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Case 4:00-cv-()3844 Document 138-1 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 7 of 7

, 7. This well·do~mented and. organized set ~f t~t res.~~. d~,ar~tlcin~, ~ffidavits,

academic records, mediqal r'3CQrds,. an~ treatises provid~ adequate evidence supporting

the conclusion that Robert James Campbell meets the three-prong crit.,a for a

diagnosis of mild iil_tetleqtual disability. · ~ · ·

. .

I declare under penalty of perjury under ti:,~ law"s of the State pf Texas th~t.the' foregoing

is true and correct to the best of my knowl~e and that this affi4av1t was executed on

March 20, 2017 in Dallas County, Texas.

J. Randall Price, _Ph.D.

. befo-: re me on April:1. 0, ,2.0 . 1.7 : - · • I

Notary Public. State·of Texas·

•,. . 1~ . • J

.. -~-- -.•.:'!,,, . _.·

. . RHMOA HOLf>Efk - ' -..

. ~ : ,_N~liryt~i,·.;21714~7f~: i

M1.~~mml11lon_&,(,n ;. .

··~-7"; ... ~ No~ 4; 2020 . · ·

. •. ' ·~ "

4 'I,

6

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Case 4:00-cv-03844 Document 138-2 Filed in TXSD on 05/10/17 Page 1 of 1

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS

HOUSTON DIVISION

ROBERT JAMES CA1\1PBELL,

Petitioner,

-VSLORIE

DA VIS, Director,

Texas Department of Criminal Justice,

Correctional Institutions Division,

Respondent.

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CIVIL NO. 4:00-cv-03844

*CAPITAL CASE*

ORDER CONDITIONALLY GRANTING

WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS

Upon consideration of the parties' Joint Advisory and the attached affidavit of

Dr. Randall Price, and the evidence submitted with Petitioner's Amended Petition for

Writ of Habeas Corpus (Docket Entry 126), the Court finds that Petitioner is a person

with intellectual disability and thus that his execution is prohibited by Atkins v.

Virginia, 536 U.S. 304 (2002).

Accordingly, it is hereby ORDERED that Respondent Lorie Davis, Director,

Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Correctional Institutions Division, must

release Campbell from custody unless within 180 days of the date of the entry of this

Order, the State of Texas initiates proceedings for the imposition of a life sentence.

SIGNED at Houston, Texas, this _ dayofMay, 2017.

KEITH P. ELLISON

UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE